The Gir or Gyr is a major Zebu breed that originated in India. It has been utilized locally to develop other breeds, such as the Red Sindhi and the Sahiwal. It was also one among the breeds that helped to produce the Brahman breed in North America. The Gir is widely employed in Brazil and other South American nations because, being a Bos indicus breed, it is resistant to high weather and tropical illnesses. It is well-known for its milk production and is often crossed with Friesian cows to create the Girolando breed.
The Gir has a striking look, with a rounded and domed forehead (the world’s only ultra-convex breed), long pendulous ears, and horns that spiral out and back. Gir are speckled in color, ranging from red to yellow to white, with black being the only unsuitable color. They originated in Gujarat, southwest India, and have subsequently expanded to neighboring Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
Cows average 385 kg in weight and 130 cm in height; bulls weigh 545 kg on average, with a height of 140 cm. At birth, calves weigh about 20 kg The average milk yield for the Gir is 1590 kg per lactation, with a record production of 3182 kg at 4.5% fat in India. In Brazil they average 3500 kg per lactation, with a world record production of 17 120 kg by the cow Profana de Brasília
In 2003, the Gir accounted for around 915 000 of the 2.5 million cattle in Gujarat’s Saurashtra area.
Gir is one of the best milkers among indigenous cattle. The breed is also known as “Bhodali”, “Desan”, “Gujarati”, “Kathiawari”, “Sorthi”, and “Surati”. The breeding tract of the breed includes Amreli, Bhavnagar, Junagadh and Rajkot districts of Gujarat and is named after the Gir forest, the geographical area of origin of the breed. Bullocks can drag heavy loads on all kinds of soils, be it sandy, black or rocky.
This is a world-renowned breed known for its tolerance to stress conditions. Having faced scarcity for a numbers of years, it has the capacity for yielding more milk with less feeding and is resistant to various tropical diseases. Due to their special qualiities, animals of this breed have been imported by countries like Brazil, USA, Venezuela and Mexico, and are being bred there successfully. The animals are of red colour. Many animals have white spots. Variants with different sheds of red are also available. The animals have typically dome shaped fore head and long ears. Reported Average Milk production is 2110 lit per lactation. Animals with as high as 5000 litre can also be found in organized farms.
Pure Gir cow milk contains calcium, phosphate, healthy lipids, and potassium, which aids with blood pressure regulation. It also contains Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA), which is an essential acid that lowers bad cholesterol and hence improves overall heart health.
The urine of a pregnant cow is regarded remarkable since it is said to contain unique hormones and nutrients. Gomutra (cow urine) may heal leprosy, fever, peptic ulcer, liver diseases, renal disorders, Asthma, some allergies, skin issues including Psoriasis, anaemia, and even cancer, according to Ayurveda.
Here are some incredible health advantages of cow urine that you should be aware of:
- Cow urine is said to assist with leprosy, gastrointestinal colic discomfort, bloating, and even cancer therapy.
- It is used to cure fevers when combined with black pepper, yoghurt, and ghee.
- A combination of cow urine, Triphala (an herbal preparation), and cow milk may also be used to cure anemia.
- Cow urine has also been linked to the treatment of peptic ulcers, asthma, and some liver disorders.
- Epilepsy is treated with a combination of gomutra and dharuharidra.
- Cow pee also cleanses the human body from the inside out by draining out all pollutants, eliminating a wide range of health problems such as diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and so on.
- Cow urine is also utilized as sprays for pest control in both homes and farms.
- In addition, there are cosmetic items created from cow urine, such as soaps and shampoos.
Which Indian cow milk is healthiest?
The Gir cow breed from India is well-known for producing A2 milk. The distinction between A1 and A2 cow milk is as follows: A mutation in this proline amino acid happened some 5,000 years ago, changing it to histidine (a different kind of amino acid). Cows with this mutant beta casein protein are known as A1 cows.
Which is the best cow milk in India?
Sahiwal is the finest indigenous dairy breed in the nation. On average, Sahiwal milk generates between 1400 and 2500 kg each lactation. It is found in several regions of India, including Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh.
Which Desi cow breed milk is healthiest?
According to research, A1 milk may induce a variety of ailments, including heart disease and type 1 diabetes. The safer and healthier option is A2 milk, which is generated from indigenous cow breeds.
Which cow milk is pure in India?
Desi or indigenous cow milk has a unique protein known as A2 type beta-casein protein, which aids in our overall health and strength. What are the advantages of Desi Cow Milk? Desi cow milk is easily digestible.